in terms of daily skincare, there are three main components, which (ideally) should be done once in the morning and once at night:
step 1: cleanse
you want to find a cleanser that suits your skin-type, whether that be dry, dry-combination, combination (normal), oily-combination, or oily (you can break those down into even further categories, but i’ll use those as a basis). you also need to factor in whether or not your skin is sensitive: if so, you need to pick products that are made specifically for sensitive skin to avoid irritation and reactions.
the easiest way to figure out which cleanser is right for you is to do some research, either online, in magazines, or in-person by asking a cosmetician/beauty advisor (although, keep in mind, many salespersons have implicit biases towards certain brands & products due to factors such as store inventory and commission). there are so many products out there at so many different price points: your perfect cleanser is out there, somewhere.
step 2: tone
using a toner is an often-missed step, but it is important: a toner balances your skin’s pH levels so that it is ready for the next step (moisturizer). again, you want to choose a toner that is specific to your skin type, and to do some research.
step 3: moisturizer
lastly, you want to make sure that you’re using a moisturizer. this helps replenish your skin’s lipids and oils. again, choose one that is specific to your skin type, and do your homework.
- sun protection: many moisturizers include sun protection, so this may not need to be an extra step. otherwise, find a sunscreen that is specific to your skin type and do your homework. many people think this is only a step for the summers; however, it is crucial to wear sun protection every single day–cold or warm, cloudy or sunny. UV damage happens through clouds, as well. use an SPF of at least 30. (you can skin this step at night-time.)
- exfoliating: using an exfoliating product 1-2 times per week is advisable, as it helps to remove dead skin cells. this is typically in the form of some type of scrub. choose one that is specific to your skin type and do your homework.
- serums/oils: serums and oils are basically extra moisturizing steps–not necessary, but certainly useful. you’ll want to apply them after your toner and before your moisturizer, as they’re more concentrated than regular moisturizers and therefore should be absorbed first. choose one that is specific to your skin type and do your homework.
- masks: similar to exfoliators, masks are typically used 1-2 times per week. pick one that addresses a specific skincare need of yours (i.e. moisture, oil-control, pore-minimizing).
- night cream: i don’t personally use night creams, but if you have anti-ageing concerns, night creams are fantastic. they are basically just moisturizers that are specifically designed for night-time, when our skin is regenerating the most. use them in place of your moisturizer before bed. choose one that is specific to your skin type and do your homework.
- primer: part-makeup, part-skincare, makeup primers are used to prime the skin for makeup. many people choose to wear primers alone, though: they can help smooth over the skin very well. certain primers do certain things, such as minimizing pores, reducing shine, or adding luminosity. choose one that is specific to your skin type and do your homework.
stay tuned for a post with my winter skincare routine!